That the 6th question asked in taking the 1870 census was simply: Color? ¬†Enumerators could mark “W” for White, “B” for Black, “M” for Mulatto, “C” for Chinese [a category which included all east Asians], or “I” for American Indian. The 18th question: Is the¬†person deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic?

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